The Four Learning Styles

teach them how to fish

kids fishing

Once you’ve identified your child’s personality type, you can determine their preferred learning style. Use this knowledge to best teach them how to fish.

Learning to fish is important, in large part because  I need to reference “fish” to tie the great photo, above, to the text. Moving on…

There are 4 patterns of learning Carl Jung observed when developing his theory of personality types.

Most of us can learn with various approaches, but have a strong preference for one style over another.

Following is a summary of the 4 learning styles:

  1. Sensing-Thinking (ISTJ, ISTP, ESTJ, ESTP)
    • Prefer step by step demonstrations to reading or lectures
    • Following demonstrations, immediate offer opportunities to practice.
    • Benefit from immediate and measurable feedback on how well they’ve done
    • Learn best when they can manipulate a physical object or have a visual diagram to follow
    • Often enjoys drills and competitions
    • Does well with memorization
    • Focus on facts and logic when teaching this type
    • Dislikes Open ended questions
  2. Intuitive-Thinking (INTJ, INTP, ENTJ, ENTP)
    • Prefers well-organized, fact based literature and lectures
    • Learns by debating and forming arguments
    • Requires time to research and discover independently
    • Strong problem solver
    • Likes games that require analyzing data and examine outcomes
    • Dislikes cooperative learning
    • Focus on facts and logic when teaching this type
  3. Intuitive-Feeling (INFJ, INFP, ENFJ, ENFP)
    • Require stimulation and surprise to become engaged
    • Enjoys imaginative literature
    • Masters content best when presented from the perspective of how it impacts another personally (i.e reading Anne Frank’s diary to learn about the Holocaust)
    • Benefits from imagery and metaphors
    • Requires time alone to process information
    • Dislikes rote problem solving
    • Use feeling words when communicating to this type of learner
  4. Sensing-Feeling (ISFJ, ISFP, ESFP,ESFJ)
    • Benefit from step by step modeling and demonstration
    • Very much motivated by their relationship to the teacher
    • Prefers to work as a team. One they have an emotional connection with.
    • Enjoys role-playing and imaginative play
    • Masters content best when presented from the perspective of how it impacts another personally (i.e reading Anne Frank’s diary to learn about the Holocaust)
    • Reinforces learning through conversation, such as teaching another student what they just learned.
    • Use feeling words when communicating to this type of learner

Related Reading 
Countless benefits of personality type theory in the home
Take the test: Children’s Personality Type Assessment

Sources: Parents Playbook for LearningScholastic.comMyers Briggs

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